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Revised 06/07/2014

BATTLE OF FALKIRK
(22 July 1298)

King Edward I was campaigning in  Flanders when he learned of the great English defeat at the Battle of Stirling Bridge (1297). On his return to England (March 1298) he began organising an army for his second invasion of Scotland, the first step being to move his centre of government to York, where he held a council-of-war in the following month. He gathered together a great army, around 2,000 cavalry and 12,000 infantry, including a huge force of Welsh longbow men. Just about every nobleman and lord had been summoned to take part. The army moved northwards shadowed by Wallace's army, waiting for the inevitable shortages of supply would allow them to attack the English forces. When Edward reached Edinburgh he learned that Wallace's army was camped near Falkirk. He decided to act quickly before it became too late, as his food supplies had almost run out. The English side includes many titled Scots noblemen who had sworn allegiance to the King, and looked down on Wallace anyway as a mere commoner. The army included the following men who are mentioned elsewhere in these pages.

[ARU2491] Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel

[AUD1481] possibly Nicholas de Audley

[BASS501] Ralph Basset, 2nd Lord Drayton

[BERK491] Maurice de Berkeley, became 2nd Lord Berkeley

[BOTE401] John de Botetourt, Admiral for the North Seas

[BRAM481] possibly William de Brewes, 2nd Lord Brewose

[DAIV491] (possibly) John Deiville

[DESP481] Hugh le Despenser, 1st Lord le Despenser, became 3rd Earl of Winchester

[GRAD501] William de Grandison, became 1st Lord Grandison

[HARD481] Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Lord of Berkeley

[HERE491] Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford

[HERE501] Humphrey de Bohun, became 8th Earl of Hereford

[LATM391] William le Latimer, 1st Lord Latimer

[LATM401] William le Latimer, became 2nd Lord Latimer

[MART421] William Martin, 1st Lord Martin

[MAUL481] Piers de Mauley, became 1st Lord Mauley

[MONH501] Ralph de Monthermer, styled Earl of Gloucester, became Earl of Atholl

[PECC501] Gilbert de Pecche, Lord of Pecche

[PLAX401] King Edward I

[ROOS501] William de Ros, became 1st Lord Ros

[SAL2491] Simon de Montagu, became 1st Lord Montagu

[SCAL471] Robert de Scales, became 1st Baron Scales

[SUR2481] John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, marched north as Captain of the Army, but not specifically recorded as being at the battle

[TREG491] John de Tregoz, 1st Lord Tregoz

On the Scots side, the bowmen were commanded by [STEW501] John Stewart, Lord of Bonkyl, killed during the battle.