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HAMON

[SAUV371] Vicomte Roger de Saint-Sauveur m. ?
. [FHAM321] Seigneur Hamon-aux-dents de Torigny m. Godchilde de Belleme
. . [GLAN411] Sire Richard de Glanville m. ?
. . [FHAM331] Lord Hamon of Creully m. ?
. . . [FHAM341] Marcher Lord Robert of Glamorgan m. [TMON343] Sibyl of Shrewsbury
. . . . [FHAM352] Mabel FitzHamon of Glamorgan m. [GLOU441] Earl Robert of Gloucester
. . . . [FHAM351] Robert de Crevequer m. Rohais
. . . . . [FHAM361] Baron Daniel of Chatham m. Isabel de Kent
. . . . . . [FHAM371] Baron Robert of Chatham m. [OXFO384] Juliane de Vere
. . . . . . . [FHAM382] Sibylla de Crevequer m. [ARSC371] Robert II d'Arsic

[FHAM321] Hamon aux dents or dentatus [=the toothy] (born c.980, son of [SAUV371] Vicomte Roger, see SAINT-SAUVEUR), a vassal of DUKE WILLIAM OF NORMANDY, was Seigneur of Torigny and Creully. He married Godchilde (daughter of Count Yves of Belleme, unidentified). Godchilde died 1035. Hamon was killed at the Battle of Val-es-Dunes (1047), to the south-west of Caen, where the King Henri of France gave DUKE WILLIAM crucial help in defeating the rebellious Norman rebels.

[GLAN411] Richard de Belfoi (son of Hamon) is dealt with under GLANVILLE.

[FHAM331] Hamon (son of Hamon) of Torigny (born c.1032), Dapifer to King William I, Lord of Creully, was Sheriff of Kent. In 1090 he was granted the manor of Leeds (Kent)

[FHAM341] Robert FitzHamon (FitzHamo) married [TMON343] Sibyl (see SHREWSBURY (MONTGOMERY) EARLDOM). He was Lord of Creully in Calvados, the son of Hamon of Torigny (who was Dapifer to King William I, and also Sheriff of Kent), who was in turn the son of Hamon aux dents de Torigny (Seigneur of Torigny and Creully). Robert FitzHamon was also a cousin of King William II, being a descendant also of DUKE ROBERT I OF NORMANDY, and held extensive lands in Gloucestershire.

After the defeat of Rhys ap Tewdwr (see SOUTH WALES PRINCES) near Brecon (1093), Robert marched against the kingdom of Morgannwg, defeating its last ruler, Iestyn ap Gwrant. Morgannwg had been so named after its 8th century ruler, Morgan, as before this it had been known as Glywysing. The kingdom stretched between the rivers Neath and Usk and, after Robert's conquest, his territorial acquisitions in the coastal lowlands in the Vale of Glamorgan led to his establishment as the 1st Marcher Lord of Glamorgan (see MARCHES).

Robert built a wooden stockade at Cardiff (c.1091) on top of a mound which had been the site of a Roman fort centuries earlier. This was replaced by a stone shell keep during the following century, after its ownership had passed to his son-in-law Robert FitzRoy, 2nd Marcher Lord of Glamorgan, and later 1st Earl of Gloucester (see GLOUCESTER (FITZROY) EARLDOM). Robert was thus both Lord of Gloucestershire and Marcher Lord of Glamorgan, and was also styled Earl of Tewkesbury.

Robert probably (or possibly his father Hamon) built Leeds Castle (Kent), doubtless a wooden stockade as at Cardiff, but much improved and rebuilt in later years. Robert also built Newcastle Castle (1106), on Newcastle Hill, overlooking the town of Bridgend.

inside view of
 Newcastle Castle at Bridgend

(29 May 2008)

Norman arch entrance to Newcastle Castle
 

Shortly afterwards, he received a head wound at the Siege of the Castle of Falaise, was captured soon afterwards and confined in Bayeux. His wound led to mental deterioration and eventually to his death (March 1107), and he was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey. Afterwards Sybil married 2. Sire Jean of Raimes.

[FHAM352] Mabel (daughter & heir of Robert) inherited Glamorgan. She married [GLOU421] Earl Robert (see GLOUCESTER (FITZROY) EARLDOM).

[FHAM351] Robert de Crevequer (born c.1085), of Leeds and of Chatham, married Rohais. He began the construction of a stone fortification on two rocky outcrops of the River Len, which over the years developed into the Leeds Castle we see today. The castle was forcibly taken for a while (from 1139) by King Stephen, but otherwise remained with the Crevequer family until 1278, when it came into the hands of King Edward I. Robert also founded Leeds (1119), and died 1154.

[FHAM361] Sir Daniel de Crevequer (born c.1130, son of Robert), 4th Baron of Chatham, married Isabel de Kent. He died c.1177.

[FHAM371] Robert de Crevequer (born c.1155), 5th Baron of Chatham, Constable of Dover Castle.
 
  Dover Castle
late 12th Century Barbican
(26 October 2016)
Roman lighthouse
in Dover Castle
(26 October 2016)

Robert married [OXFO384] Juliana (widow of 1. Hugh Bigot, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, and of 2. Wakelin Maminot, and daughter of Aubrey II, see OXFORD (VERE) EARLDOM). Robert died c.1216.

[FHAM382] Sibylla de Crevequer (daughter of Robert) married [ARSC371] Robert II Arsic (see ARSIC).