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These two lines were originally considered illegitimate because they sprang from Zorobabel's marriage to two non-Jews, (see BABYLONIAN EXILARCHS. These lines were legitimised by the Sanhedrin (c.40-35BCE) in anticipation of the senior-line dying out (due to Herod's persecution), and they were suddenly all made eligible for the succession to the Royal Davidic line. This was around the time of King Herod's marriage to Sarah (a.k.a. Doris of Jerusalem) which, upon her legitimatization in 37BCE, made her the Davidic Dynasty's heiress (which is perhaps why King Herod married her).
Based upon the Gospel according to Saint Luke (Chapter 3)
(though Joseph, son of Heli should be interpreted as representing in English grammar Joseph, son-in-law of Heli).
In Greek text names of husbands are prefixed with the word
"the" which is omitted in English grammar.
The absence of "the" in Greek implies the entry refers to the wife
Reza/Rhesa (son of 3rd Exilarch Zorobabel & his 2nd wife Princess Rhodah, see BABYLONIAN EXILARCHS - FIRST DYNASTY).
Jose/Joseph, married --- (daughter of Simon the just, High Priest, see HIGH PRIESTS IN ISRAEL below.
Levi panther of Arimathea.
Matthat aka Barpanther, "Nasi" (Prince),married 1. Esther of Jerusalem (a Maccabee Princess); then 2. Rachel of Arimathea; then 3. Salome of Jerusalem (called the Proselyte; an Idumean (or Herodian) Princess).
Alexander III Helios aka Heli, (Hasmonean Prince), (son of Matthat & Esther),married 1. Anne/Hannah (daughter of the 59th High Priest Yeshua/Yehoshua/Jesus III, see HIGH PRIESTS IN ISRAEL below); then 2. ---.
The Virgin Mary (born c.26BCE, only child and daughter of Heli & Hannah). Orphaned at the age of 10, she was placed in an Order of temple-virgins in Jerusalem, under a vow of chastity, and was officially "a Virgin of the Temple". She was later lodged at Nazareth with Judas of Galilee, a Jewish zealot, who became her guardian. (Mary's son Jesus was named after Mary's grandfather High Priest Jesus III, and could have possibly become Jesus IV). Mary afterwards married her seventeenth-cousin Joseph the carpenter, nephew of Judas of Galilee, (see below).
Shazrezzar (son of Zorobabel & his 1st wife Princess Amytis, see BABYLONIAN EXILARCHS - FIRST DYNASTY).
Yehezqiyah/Androtimus, Governor ofJudea, married --- (sister of Bigvai/Bagohi the Persian, Governor; and daughter of a Jewish Prince by a Persian Princess).
Neariah/Nearchus, a Jewish General, married Barsine (a Princess,descended from the Persian shahs, Babylonian emperors, and Assyrian kings). He died 312BCE.
--- (unnamed son of Neariah).
Based upon the Gospel according to Saint Matthew (Chapter 1)
Abiud (grandson of Neariah).
Azor, married Lebaida.
Sadoc/Zadok, married Kaltimi.
Achim, married Asbaoda.
Eliud, married Anonyma.
Ezar/Eleazar/Lazar, married Tsamiti.
Matthan, married Hazibah.
Jacob/Yakov, Prince of Israel, Patriarch of Jerusalem 32-23BCE, married 1. Eucharia, a Jewish Princess, (by whom he one child, Princess Miriam); then 2. Princess Cleopatra of Jerusalem (suggested in one source as possibly being the posthumous daughter [born c.44BCE] of Julius Caesar, by Queen Cleopatra). Jacob was sent to Alexandria, Egypt, (30BCE) as King Herod the Great's Emissary, with 3,000 troops to assist the Roman ruler, Octavian. Jacob was deposed and executed (23BCE) for sedition (a false charge) by King Herod I of Judaea, and afterwards Cleopatra married 2. Simon IV Boethus, the High-Priest, who was executed by King Herod I of Judaea; then 3. (25BCE) King Herod I of Judaea (who ruled 37-4BCE).
Note: Herod the Great was the first King of Judaea under Roman occupation and one of his wives had been a Jewish princess of the Royal Davidic Line. Thus his son (King Herod II) inherited Davidic blood through his mother, which made him a candidate for future Jewish Royal succession -- thanks to the edicts of the Sanhedrin 40-35 BCE legitimising female succession mentioned above. Understandably, father and son (Herod I and Herod II) had their own personal agenda for eliminating opposition in alternative Davidic lines of succession.
Joseph (born 29BCE, son of Jacob &Cleopatra), according to Jewish sources he was married to Beth-Heli (i.e. daughter of Heli), who is interpreted as being The Virgin Mary (see above), and Joseph was thus the foster-father of Mary's son JESUS "THE CHRIST" (born 5BCE). During 4BCE there were successive executions of four royal Davidic heirs (a. Prince Simon, b. his successor Hezekiah the zealot, c. Hezekiah's son Judas the zealot of Galilee, and d. Athronges the shepherd). Joseph was then recognized as the next "royal Davidic heir", having a "foreign" mother. Joseph had in the meantime been reduced to poverty by the series of King Herodís persecution of King David's House. He took up carpentry as a trade and lived modestly in Nazareth, and made Jesus his legal heir (which was permissible because Yehoshua [Jesus] was also of the royal Davidic line, through his mother Mary). Joseph died 26CE, when his legal heir Jesus thus became the "next Davidic heir", or (cynically) "King of the Jews", which made him the next target for the elimination of King David's house.
"House of the Virgin Mary
"Some four to six years after the death of Christ, St. John is said to have accompanied the Virgin to Ephesus, where it is believed they dwelt in a small house over which now stands the Council church, or Church of the Virgin. The Council of Ephesus, dated 431, records this. Later St. John brought the Virgin Mother to a house on the slopes of Bulbul Mountain, the position of which was later forgotten, until research began in 1891 to find traces of it. Katerina Emmeriken discovered the house at Panaya Icapulu, which fits the description given in the sources. It was officially accepted to be the house of the Virgin in 1892 with the celebration of high mass there by Timoni, Archbishop of Izmir, and this belief has recently been confirmed by Pope Paul VI in 1967, and Pope John Paul II in 1979 with the celebration of high mass at Ephesus." Ephesus and Museum (Ilhan Aksit, Turkey, trans. Maggie Quigley, 1988)
Further information is given in Ephesus (Selahattin Erdemgil, Turkey, trans. Nuket Eraslan, 1986).
The modern structure is built on the foundation and ruins of the original house. Arabic inscriptions around the walls are quotations from the Koran by Moslems, who believe in the saintliness of of the Virgin.
Mary's House, Ephesus
THE TRIBE OF LEVI
Levi (son of Joseph, see DESCENT FROM ABRAHAM).
Jocheved (daughter of Levi), married her nephew Amram (see below).
Kohath (son of Levi).
Amram, married his aunt Jocheved (see above).
Moses (son of Amram).
Miriam (daughter of Amram).
Aaron (son of Amram) see next.
HOUSE OF AARON
Aaron (son of Amram).
Uzzi, 6th High Priest.
Zadok I, 12th High Priest and Priest of King David.
Ahimaaz/Achimas, 13th High Priest. Succeeded by his son next.
TEMPLE OF SOLOMON
Azariah I, 14th High Priest and the 1st High Priest in the First Temple of Solomon.
Joram, 15th High Priest.
Yeshua I/Yehoshua I, 6th High Priest.
Axiomar/Axioramus ben Yeshua I, 17th High Priest.
Phideas/Pedaiah, 19th High Priest.
Sudeas, 20th High Priest.
Juelus, 21st High Priest.
Jotham, 23rd High Priest.
Neriah/Nerias, 26th High Priest.
Odesa/Hoshaiah, 27th High Priest.
Shallum II/Sallumus, 28th High Priest.
Hilkiah/Helcias, 29th High Priest.
Azariah V/Azarias, 30th High Priest.
Seraiah ben Azariah V, 31st High Priest, the last High Priest in the 1st Temple of Solomon. He was executed 587 BCE, and his three sons were exiled in Babylon. See next three below,
EXILE IN BABYLON
Jachin (son of Saraiah).
Eniachim (son of Saraiah).
Jehozadak/Josedech (son of Saraiah).
Jesus II/Yehoshua, the first High Priest of the new Temple of Zerubabbel ben Jehozadak.
Simon the just, 39th High Priest.
--- (daughter of Simon) married Joseph (see THE VIRGIN MARY above).
Onias II (son of Simon), 42nd High Priest.
Simon II, 43rd High Priest.
Onias III, 44th High Priest. See next below.
HIGH PRIESTS IN EGYPT
Onias IV, who was deprived of being High Priest and went to Egypt (159 BCE).
Ananias, 2nd High Priest in Leontopolis (Egypt).
Hananeel the Egyptian (son of Ananias). See next below.
HIGH PRIESTS IN ISRAEL
Boethus (son of Hananeel), 56th High Priest, noted Alexandrian priest, who returned to Israel to become High Priest (37 BCE).
Yeshua III/Jesus III, 59th High Priest (36-23 BCE).
Anne/Hannah (daughter of Yeshua), married Prince Heli (see THE VIRGIN MARY above).