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MACEDONIA KINGDOM

in present day Greece

Recommended reading includes: "Alexander of Macedon, 356-332 B.C." (Peter Green, 1991)

Temenid Antigonid Antipatrid Antigonid

TEMENID DYNASTY

[MACA141] King Perdiccas of Macedonia m. ?
. [MACA151] King Argaeus of Macedonia m. ?
. . [MACA161] King Philip I of Macedonia m. ?
. . . [MACA171] King Aeropus of Armenia m. ?
. . . . [MACA181] King Alcetas of Macedonia m. ?
. . . . . [MACA191] King Amyntas I of Armenia m. ?
. . . . . . [MACA201] King Alexander I of Macedonia m. ?
. . . . . . . [MACA211] Philip m. ?
. . . . . . . . [MACA221] King Amyntas II of Macedonia m. Eurydice
. . . . . . . . . [MACA231] King Philip II of Macedonia m3. Princess Olympias (Myrtale) of Epirus
. . . . . . . . . . [MACA241] King Alexander the Great of Macedonia &. Barsine
. . . . . . . . . . . [MACA252] Aesopia of Macedonia m. Prince Achaeus of Macedonia
. . . . . . . [MACA212] Princess Stratonike of Macedonia m. King Seuthes II of Thebes
. . . . . . . [MACC212] Alcetas m. ?
. . . . . . . . [MACC222] Archelaus of Macedonia m1. ---
. . . . . . . . . [MACC232] --- of Macedonia m. Derdas
. . . . . . [MACA202] --- of Macedonia m. Arrhidaeus

[MACA141] Perdiccas, 1st King of Macedonia (c.650BCE-).

[MACA151] Argaeus, King of Macedonia.

[MACA161] Philip I, King of Macedonia.

[MACA171] Aeropus, King of Macedonia.

[MACA181] Alcetas, King of Macedonia.

[MACA191] Amyntas I, King of Macedonia (-497BCE).

[MACA202] --- (unnamed daughter of Amyntas) married [MACE041] Arrhidaeus (see ANTIGONID DYNASTY below).

[MACA201] Alexander (alexandros [=defending men]) I (son of Amyntas), the Phillhellene, King of Macedonia (497-454BCE).

[MACA212] Stratonike [=victorious army) (daughter of Alexander I) married [THRA101] King Seuthes II (see THEBES KINGS).

[MACC212] Alcetas (son of Alexander I).

[MACC221] Archelaus (supposed son of Alcetas) married 1. ---; then 2. Cleopatra (widow of Archelaus' uncle Perdiccas II).

[MACC232] --- (daughter of Archelaus, by his 1st unnamed wife) married [MACE061] Derdas II (see ANTIGONID DYNASTY below).

[MACA211] Philip.

[MACA221] Amyntas II (son of Alexander), King of Macedonia (394-369BCE). He married 1. Cygnae; then 2. Eurydice (daughter of 93. Irrhas, son of Antiochus). Eurydice later had a relationship with a Macedonian nobleman, Ptolemy of Alorus, who afterwards married Eurydice's daughter instead. After the death of Amyntas (369BCE), his widow Eurydice married 2. a Theban statesman, Pelopidas, who then became Regent of Macedonia, as the heir to the throne (Perdiccas) was then only fifteen years old.

[MACA231] Philip II (philippos [=friend of horses]) (born 383BCE, youngest legitimate son of Amyntas & Eurydice), King of Macedonia (359-336BCE). He married 1. Princess Audata (daughter of King Bardylis of Illyria), died 357BCE; then 2. 2. (357BCE) Princess Phila (daughter of Derdas, see ANTIGONID DYNASTY below), also died 357BCE; then 3. Nicesipolis of Pherae, Thessaly; then 3. [EPIR232] Princess Myrtale of Epirus (daughter of King Neoptolemus of Epirus), became Olympias; then 4. (342BCE, whilst still married to Olympias) Meda of Odessa (daughter of Thracian Prince Cothelas). Philip finally married 5. (338BCE, whilst still married to Olympias) Cleopatra (niece of General Attalus of Macedonia), became Cleopatra Eurydice. At this wedding reception there was an argument between Philip and his son Alexander, and the following day Alexander took his mother Queen Olympias into exile with her relations in Epirus, then he went on to Illyria where he stayed in exile with King Langarus of the Agrianians.

The following year (337BCE), Philip's latest wife Cleopatra Eurydice produced a child, but as it was unexpectedly a girl, Philip was obliged to bring Alexander back out of exile (though not his mother) as he was his only legitimate male heir. The following year (336BCE) Cleopatra at last produced a son, named Caranus, so Alexander now had a possible rival. About this time Philip's daughter Cleopatra (by Queen Olympias) was married (at Aegae) King Alexander of Epirus. At the wedding feast King Philip was murdered by Pausanias of Orestis, a member of his Bodyguard (who had previously been his homosexual lover), but Pausanias was himself killed whilst fleeing. Not long afterwards Queen Olympias disposed of Alexander's rival, young Caranus. by pushing him head-first into a red-hot charcoal brazier, and successfully persuaded Caranus' mother, Cleopatra Eurydice to hang herself. This left no opposition for Alexander.

[MACA241] Alexander the great (born at Pella, July 356BCE, eldest legitimate son of Philip, by Olympias), Regent in Macedonia (340BCE), King of Macedonia (336-323BCE), crowned Pharaoh of Egypt (at Memphis, 332BCE), also had a relationship with [BITH242] Barsine (daughter of [BITH231] Artabazus, Satrap of Bithynia, who died 325BCE). He died 10th June 323BCE and had no male issue. He left his Empire divided between his four generals. Seleucus received Mesopotamia, Syria and Eastern Anatolia (see SYRIA KINGDOM); Lysimachus received Southern and Western Anatolia (see LYSIMACHUS); Cassandra received Macedonia and Greece; and Ptolemaeus received Egypt, Libya and Northern Anatolia (see PTOLEMY DYNASTY).

[MACA252] Aesopia (natural daughter of Alexander by Barsine) married [SYRI103] Prince Achaeus (see SYRIA KINGDOM).

ANTIPATRID DYNASTY

[PATR071] Iolaus of Palioura, a Nobleman m. ?
. [PATR081] Antipater, General, Regent of the Macedonian Empire m.
. . [PATR091] Cassander of Macedonia m. ?
. . . [PATR102] Antigone of Macedonia m. Magas
. . . [MAGA101] Magas m. Antigone of Macedonia
. . . . [MAGA112] Berenice of Macedonia m. Philip of Macedonia
. . . . [PHIL111] Philip of Macedonia m. Berenice of Macedonia
. . . . . [PHIL122] Antigone of Macedonia m. King Pyrrhus of Eripus
. . . . . [CYRA121] King Magas of Cyrene m. Princess Apama of Syria
. . [PATR092] Phila of Macedonia m4. King Demetrius of Macedonia

[PATR071] Iolaus, a Macedonian Nobleman from Palioura.

[PATR081] Antipater (born 399BCE), Macedonian General, Regent of Macedonia on behalf of King Philip of Macedonia (342-339BCE), Regent of all Alexander the Great's Empire (320BCE). He died 319BCE.

[PATR092] Phila (born c.355BCE, daughter of Antipater) married 1. Alexander of Lyncestis, a Macedonian nobleman; then 2. Balacrus, Satrap of Cilicia; then 3. Craterus; then 4. [MACE091] Demetrius (see ANTIGONID DYNASTY below).

[PATR091] Cassander (born 358BCE, son of Antipater). He died 297BCE.

[PATR102] Antigone (antigone=against birth) (daughter of Cassander) married [MAGA101] Magas.

[MAGA112] Berenice (berenice [=bringer of victory)] (born c.340BCE, daughter of Magas & Antigone) married 1. (c.325) [PHIL111] Philip I (see below); then 2. King Ptolemy I of Egypt (see PTOLEMY DYNNASTY).

[PHIL111] Philip I, Macedonian nobleman m. [MAGA112] Berenice of Macedonia
. [CYRE121] King Magas of Cyrene m. [SYRI116] Princess Apama of Syria
. [PHIL122] Antigone of Macedonia m. [EPIR241] King Pyrrhus of Epirus

[PHIL111] Philip I (an obscure Macedonian nobleman) married 1. [MAGA112] Berenice (daughter of Magas & Antigone, see above).  After Philip died, Berenice went to Egypt as lady-in-waiting for Eurydice, bride of King Ptolemy I of Egypt, whom she also later married (see PTOLEMY DYNNASTY). Berenice died c.277BCE.

[PHIL122] Antigone (daughter of Philip & Berenice) married (c.299) [ERIP249] King pyrrhus of Eripus (see ERIPUS).

[CYRI121] Magas (son of Philip & Berenice), King of Cyrene (see CYRENE KINGDOM for further details).

ANTIGONID DYNASTY

[MACE041] Arrhidaeus m. Amyntas of Macedonia
. [MACE051] Derdas m. ?
. . [MACE061] Derdas m. --- of Macedonia
. . . [MACE071] Machatas m. ?
. . . . [MACE081] King Antigonus I of Macedonia m. ?
. . . . . [MACE091] King Demetrius of Macedonia m. Phila of Macedonia
. . . . . . [MACE101] King Antigonus II Gonatas of Macedonia m. Princess Phila II of Syria
. . . . . . . [MACE111] King Demetrius II Aetolicus of Macedonia m1. Princess Phthia of Epirus
. . . . . . . . [MACE121] King Philip V of Macedonia m. Polycratia of Athens
. . . . . . . . . [MACE132] Apama of Macedonia m. King Prusias II of Bythnia
. . . . . . . [MACE112] King Demetrius II Aetolicus of Macedonia m2. Princess Stratonice of Syria
. . . . . . . . [MACE122] Apama of Macedonia m. King Prusias I of Bythnia
. . . . . . [MACE102] Stratonice of Macedonia m. King Antiochus I of Syria

[MACE041] Arrhidaeus married [MACA202] --- (daughter of Amyntas, see TEMENID DYNASTY above).

[MACE051] Derdas.

There may have been two further generations before Derdas, viz. another Derdas, then Pausamus.

[MACE061] Derdas married [MACC232] --- (daughter of Archaleus, see TEMENID DYNASTY above).

[MACE071] Machatas.

[MACE081] Antigonus I monophthalmus [=the one-eyed] or Antigonus I Cyclops] (born 382BCE), a Macedonian nobleman and general under Alexander the Great, Governor of Greater Phrygia (333BCE), King of Macedonia (306-301BCE). He died 301BCE.

[MACE091] Demetrius I poliorcetes [=the besieger of cities] (born 337BCE), King of Macedonia (298- deposed 288BCE). He married (c.294BCE) [PATR092] Phila I (widow, daughter of Antipater, see ANTIPATRID DYNASTY above). When Demetrius was expelled (288BCE), Phila then committed suicide. Demetrius died 283BCE.

[MACE102] Stratonice (stratonike [=victorious army) (daughter of Demetrius I) married 1. Seleucus I nicator (divorced); then 2. [SYRI101] King Antiochus I of Syria (see SYRIA KINGDOM).

[MACE101] Antigonus II gonatas (born 315BCE, son of Demetrius I), King of Macedonia (276-239), married [SYRI102] Princess Phila II of Syria (daughter of King Seleucus I nicator, see SYRIA KINGDOM).

[MACE119] Demetrius II Aetolicus (born c.275BCE, son of Antigonus II), King of Macedonia (239-229), married 1. [EPIR262] Princess Phthia of Epirus (daughter of King Alexander II, see EPIRUS (MOLOSSIAN HOUSE) KINGS); then 2. [SYRI112] Princess Stratonice II (daughter of King Antiochus I soter, see SYRIA KINGDOM).

[MACE122] Apama (daughter of Demetrius II & Stratonice) married [BYTH161] King Prusias I (see BYTHNIA KINGS).

[MACE121] Philip V (born c.238BCE, son of Demetrius II & Phthia), King of Macedonia (220-178BCE), married Polycratia of Argos (daughter of Polycrates of Athens).

[MACE132] Apama (daughter of Philip V) married [BYTH171] King Prusias II (see BYTHNIA KINGS).