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MAXWELL

[MAXL431] Undweyn m. ?

. [MAXL441] Maccus of Pollock m. ?

. . [MAXL451] Lord Herbert of Maxwell m. ?

. . . [MAXL462] Lord Aymer of Maxwell m. [MEAR462] Mary MacGeachan of Mearns

. . . . [MAXL471] Lord Herbert of Maxwell m. ?

. . . . . [MAXL481] Lord John of Maxwell m. ?

. . . . . . [MAXL492] Lord John of Maxwell, Carlaverock, Mearns & Pencaitland m. ?

. . . . . . . [MAXL502] Lord John of Maxwell, Carlaverock, Mearns & Pencaitland m. Christian

. . . . . . . . [MAXL512] Elizabeth Maxwell m. [DACE511] Lord Hugh Dacre

[MAXL431] Undweyn.

[MAXL441] Maccus of Pollock, a Norman lord, arrived in Scotland 1116. A trusted supporter of King David I, he was rewarded him with lands in Teviotdale. He built a village called Maccustoun, present-day Maxton (near St. Boswells). King David also gave him land which included a salmon pond or wiel, on the Tweed (near present-day Kelso Bridge).

 
  The Tweed at the present Kelso Bridge
(21 September 2008)

This site is still known today as Maxwheel. Maccus died c.1150.

[MAXL451] Herbert de Maccuswell (born c.1150), 2nd Lord of Maxwell, Sheriff of Roxburghshire and Teviotdale. He died c.1206.

[MAXL461] John Maxwell (born c.1185, eldest son of Herbert, and grandson of Maccus), 3rd Lord of Maxwell, 1st Lord of Caerlaverock, Chamberlain of Scotland. The king granted him Caerlaverock Castle by the Solway. John negotiated the marriage between King Alexander II of Scotland and Princess Joan (daughter of King Henry II of England), for which he was knighted (1221). He died 1241, and was succeeded by his younger brother Aymer.

[MAXL462] Aymer Maxwell (born c.1190, younger son of Herbert), 4th Lord of Maxwell, 2nd Lord of Caerlaverock, Sheriff of Dumfries, Justiciar of Scotland, Chamberlain of Scotland (1241), married [MEAR462] Mary MacGeachan de Mearns (see MEARNS), and thereby became 1st Lord of Mearns. Following the death of King Alexander II, he was Guardian of young King Alexander III (1249). However, King Henry III of England (whose daughter Margaret had married King Alexander III in 1251) used his influence to have Aymer deposed. Aymer died 1266.

[MAXL471] Sir Herbert Maxwell (born c.1215), 5th Lord of Maxwell, 3rd Lord of Caerlaverock, 2nd Lord of Mearns. He acquired Pencaitland in East Lothian, and was 1st Lord of Pencaitland. During his time, a construction commenced of a new Caerlaverock Castle, closer to the Solway.

 
  Caerlaverock Castle
(25 August 2007)

Herbert was killed at the Battle of Falkirk (22nd July 1298).

[MAXL481] Sir John Maxwell (born c.1240, son of Herbert), 6th Lord of Maxwell, 4th Lord of Caerlaverock, 3rd Lord of Mearns, 2nd Lord of Pencaitland.

[MAXL491] Sir Eustace Maxwell (born c.1270, elder son of John), Sheriff of Dumfries, 7th Lord of Maxwell, 5th Lord of Caerlaverock, 4th Lord of Mearns, 3rd Lord of Pencaitland. He dismantled Caerlaverock Castle to keep it out of English hands. He died some time after 1313, and was succeeded by his younger brother John.

[MAXL492] Sir John Maxwell (born c.1275, younger son of John), succeeded his brother as 8th Lord of Maxwell, 6th Lord of Caerlaverock, 5th Lord of Mearns, 4th Lord of Pencaitland. He was captured at the Battle of Neville's Cross west of Durham (17th October 1346), and held prisoner at the Tower of London until his death there (c.1347)

[MAXL501] Herbert Maxwell (elder son of John), 9th Lord of Maxwell, 7th Lord of Caerlaverock, 6th Lord of Mearns, 5th Lord of Pencaitland. He died before 1354, and was succeeded by his younger brother John.

[MAXL502] Sir John Maxwell (younger son of John), succeeded his brother as Lord of Caerlaverock, 10th Lord of Maxwell, 8th Lord of Caerlaverock, 7th Lord of Mearns, 6th Lord of Pencaitland. He fought against King Edward III of England, and recovered Annandale, Galloway, Nithsdale for the Scots. He married Christian. He died 15th April 1373.

[MAXL512] Elizabeth Maxwell (born c.1335, daughter of Sir John) married 1. Sir William Douglas (of Hermitage Castle in Liddesdale, Roxburghshire); then 2. [DACE511] Lord Hugh Dacre (born c.1335, see DACRE BARONY).