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NORTHUMBRIA (GOSPATRIC) EARLDOM

[DUNB351] Gospatric (born c.1040-48, son of [DUNB341] Lord Maldred of Allerdale) became Earl of Northumbria (c.1068), but lost the Earldom (1072) for having assisted in the massacre at Durham, after which he fled to Dunbar. He then became 1st Earl of Dunbar (1072), and died (c.1075) at Ubbanford [Norham]. See DUNBAR EARLDOM for full details.

NORTHUMBRIA (SIWARD) EARLDOM

[NTHM311] Bjorn Bearsson m. ---

. [NTHM322] Sybilla of Northumbria m. [CANM371] King Duncan I of Scots

. [NTHM321] Earl Siward of Northumbria m1. [BERN352] Aelflaeda of Northumbria

. . [NTHM331] Earl Waltheof of Northumberland m. [LENS362] Judith de Lens

. . . [NTHM343] Maud of Northumbria m2. [DUNK431] King David I of Scotland

. . . [NTHM342] Maud of Northumbria m1. [SLIZ361] Earl Simon of Huntingdon

. . . [NTHM343] Alice of Northumberland m. [TONY432] Ralph IV de Toeni

[NTHM311] Bjorn Bearsson.

[NTHM322] Sybilla (daughter of Bjorn Bearsson) married (1030) [CANM371] King Duncan I (see KINGS OF SCOTLAND).

[NTHM321] Siward (a Danish soldier, son of Bjorn Bearsson) was said to be "almost a giant in stature, very strong mentally and physically". He married 1. Godiva (a widow); then 2 [BERN352] Aelflaeda (daughter of Earl Aldred, see BERNICIA). Siward was Earl of Jorvik (c.1035-55) and 1st Earl of Northumbria (1041-55). Siward died at York (26th March 1055), having been stricken with dysentery, and was buried there at Galmanho Monastery [York, St. Mary's].  He had built the present-day Church of St. Olave in York, dedicated to King Olaf I of Norway (1015-28) (see NORWAY KINGDOM), adjacent to the Monastery ruins, though the present structure dates from the 15th Century.   The statue to King Olav at the entrance to the church is by Edward Milburn (1912). 

 

 

15th Century tower
of
St. Olave's Church,
York

(12 July 2015)

Statue of
King Olaf
at the church (1912)
12 July 2015)

York St. Mary's Abbey
ruins

(11 June 2008)

[NTHM331] Waltheof (born c.1044, son of Siward & Aelflaeda) succeeded his father whilst he was still a minor. He married [LENS342] Judith (daughter of Count Lambert, see LENS COUNTY), niece of DUKE WILLIAM OF NORMANDY. Prior to the Conquest he was made 1st Earl of Huntingdon (1065) and 1st Earl of Northampton (1065). He held vast estates in the Midlands, and was Lord of Hallamshire (Yorks). Waltheof no doubt acquired more estates after other Anglo-Saxon holders lost their lives in the various skirmishes and battles during 1066. He was an ally (and relative) of William the Conqueror, and subsequently became 1st Earl of Northumberland (1072). He fell foul of the king once too often, and was beheaded for treason on St. Giles Hill, Winchester, (31st May 1076), hastily buried, and later reburied in the chapter house at Croyland Abbey.

 

 

Sheffield Cathedral
(6 August 1999)

Croyland Abbey
(2 April 2013)

 

 

 

Sheffield Cathedral
(26 March 2013)

Croyland Abbey
(2 April 2013)

 

There is a stained glass window in
Sheffield Cathedral commemorating
 Waltheof, Lord of Hallamshire

There is a 15thC stone statue at Croyland Abbey thought to represent Earl Waltheof

Unusually, his lands were not seized by the Crown, whether William regretted this act or just had sympathy for his niece, his estates were transferred to his widow, the Countess Judith. It also seems probably that in any case Judith already held some of the estates in her right, these having been transferred to her by Waltheof at an earlier date. Afterwards Judith married (c.1077) [TAIL321] Yves de Taillebois (see TAILLEBOIS). At the Domesday Survey (1086) Judith held extensive estates in the counties of Beds, Bucks, Cambs, Essex, Hunts, Leics, Lincs, Middlesex, Northants, Oxon and Rutland, whilst in the ensuing period after Waltheof's death (1076) she had already disposed of some of her holdings, e.g. those in Yorkshire (Hallam Hall etc.). At this Survey, Countess Judith specifically held Bozeat in Northants, which was eventually held as either tenants-in-chief or sub-tenants by (among others) the Morville, Thweng, Hansard, Galloway, Latimer, Hastings families. See Victoria County History, A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 4 (1937), under BOZEAT, pp. 3-7. Countess Judith also founded (c.1075) Elstow Abbey.

 
 

Seal carving
above a door

Elstow Abbey
(9 July 2013)

 
 

Norman doorway

carving above the Norman doorway

[NTHM349] Maud (daughter of Waltheof) married 1. [SLIZ361] Earl Simon (see HUNTINGDON (ST. LIZ) EARLDOM); then 2. [DUNK431] King David I (see KINGS OF SCOTLAND).

[NTHM343] Alice (younger daughter of Waltheof) married [TONY432] Ralph IV (see TONY).