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SALISBURY EARLDOM
SALISBURY (SALISBURY) EARLDOM

The early period is confusing, with several versions shown.

[SALI341] Edward de Salisbury m. [HUBE342] Matilda FitzHubert
. [SALI353] Mabel of Salisbury m. [HERE431] Humphrey II de Bohun
. [SALI354] Margaret of Salisbury m. [TATF401] Henry de Bohun
. [SALI351] Walter FitzEdward, Sheriff of Wiltshire m. [CHAW442] Sibilla de Charworth
. . [SALI362] Sibyl of Salisbury m. [MARS361] John FitzGilbert the marshal
. . [SALI361] Earl Patrick of Salisbury m2. [PON1363] Ela Talvas
. . . [SALI381] Earl William of Salisbury m. [VITR382] Eleanor de Vitre
. . . . [SALI392] Ela of Salisbury m. [LONG451] Earl William of Salisbury

[SALI341] Edward  de Salisbury married (c.1082) [HUBE342] Matilda (daughter of Ralph FitzHubert, see RALPH FITZHUBERT). Edward died c.1087-92, and Matilda afterwards married 2. (c.1087-92) --- de Salisbury.

[SALI353] Mabel (daughter of Edward & Matilda) married (c.1097) [HERE431] Humphrey II (see HEREFORD (BOHUN) EARLDOM).

[SALI354] Margaret (born c.1093, daughter of --- & Matilda) married [TATF401] Henry de Bohun (see TATERFORD BARONY).

[SALI351] Walter FitzEdward (son & heir of Edward & Matilda) married [CHAW442] Sibilla (born c.1082, daughter of Patrick, see CHAORCES). Walter became Sheriff of Wiltshire, and died 1147.

[SALI362] Sibyl (born c.1126), daughter of Walter) married [MARS361] John FitzGilbert (see PEMBROKE (MARSHAL) EARLDOM).

[SALI361] Patrick de Salisbury (2nd but 1st surviving son & heir of Walter) married 1. Maud; then 2. [PON1369] Ela (daughter of Count William Talvas, see PONTHIEU & MONTREUIL COUNTY, who had previously married 1. [SURR431] Earl William, see SURREY (WARENNE) EARLDOM). In recognition of his support for EMPRESS MATILDA, Patrick was created 1st Earl of Wiltshire (1143), restyled 1st Earl of Salisbury (by 1149). He was killed at the Battle of Poitou (April 1168), by Geoffrey de Lusignan, and was buried at Abbey at St. Hilaire, Poitiers. Ela died October 1174.

[SALI381] William FitzPatrick (son & heir of Patrick & Ela) married [VITR382] Eleanor (daughter of Robert, see VITRE), who had previously married 1. William Paynel of Hambye, died 1184; then 2. Gilbert Crispin, Lord Tilliers, died on crusade 1190). William became 2nd Earl of Salisbury (1168), and died 1196 (probably in Normandy). Afterwards Eleanor married 4. Gilbert de Malesmains. She died 1232-33.

[SALI392] Ela (born c.1187, only daughter & heir of William) married [LONG451] Earl William longespee (see SALISBURY (LONGESPEE) EARLDOM below).

SALISBURY (LONGESPEE) EARLDOM

[PLAN361] Duke Geoffrey of Normandy m1. [NORK352] Empress Matilda
. [LONG441] King Henry II of England m. [CLIF432] Rosamund de Clifford
. . [LONG451] Earl William of Salisbury m. [SALI392] Ela of Salisbury
. . . [LONG463] Justiciar Stephen of Ireland m. [RIDD362] Emeline de Riddlesford
. . . . [LONG473] Emeline Longespee m. [OFFY381] Sir Maurice FitzMaurice of Offaly
. . . [LONG461] Sir William Longespee of Salisbury m. [CAMV462] Idoine de Camville
. . . . [LONG472] Ela Longespee of Salisbury m. [AUD1471] James d'Aldithley, Sheriff of Salop

[LONG451] William longespee (probably born before 1170, illegitimate son of [PLAN379] King Henry II by [allegedly] his concubine [CLIF432] Rosamund de Clifford, The Fair Rosamund, see PLANTAGENET KINGS, though it has also been argued [1982] that the mother was possibly Ida of Lorraine, suo jure Countess of Boulogne). William married (c.1196) [SALI392] Ela FitzPatrick (see SALISBURY (SALISBURY) EARLDOM above). He was styled 3rd Earl of Salisbury (1196), after Ela's father died.

William commanded an expedition (1213) to help the Count of Flanders against the French. The party of around 500 ships sailed to a Flanders port, described variously as Swine or Damme, where they found on 30th May the harbour full of French ships, from which the French troops had landed and were ravaging the country adjacent. William took some 300 ships as prizes, laden with precious provisions and military stores, fired the remaining 100 or so, and returned to England. William, as Marshal of King John, commanded the combined forces which set sail again (June 1214). They recovered almost all of Flanders for the Count of Flanders, but William and the Counts of Flanders and Boulogne were captured at the decisive Battle of Bouvines (27th July 1214), which annihilated King John's hopes, and forced him to beg a truce for 5 years. William died at Salisbury Castle (7th March 1225-26), poisoned by Hubert de Burgh, alleged the contemporary chronicler Roger of Wendover (he died in 1236). William was buried at the Cathedral there, where the modern plaque with his tomb reads:

WILLIAM LONGESPEE

Earl of Salisbury. Illegitimate son of King Henry II and half

brother of King John. He was present at the laying of the

foundation stones of the Cathedral in 1220. He died in 1226

and was the first person to be buried in the Cathedral.

Salisbury Cathedral
(22 August 1996)
 

 William Longespee (1226)
(24 September 2004)

 

The widowed Ela remained Countess of Salisbury, and she founded Lacock Nunnery (1229, sometimes misquoted as 1220) which afterwards became an Abbey, and laid its first stone (16th April 1232). She retired there (1238), died 24th August 1261 and was buried in front of the high altar of the abbey church. After the abbey church was destroyed by Sir William Sharington (who had purchased the abbey in 1540 after its dissolution), Ela's remains were apparently reburied in the centre of the cloisters, from where they were removed in 1895 to their present position in the west cloister walk.

 

 
 

Lacock Abbey cloisters
(1 July 2013)

 
 


'Below lie buried the bones of the venerable
Ela. Who gave this house as a home
for nuns. She also lived here as holy
Abbess and Countess of Salisbury, full
of good works'

 

Notice placed above what are
 thought to be the remains of Ela

Wording on the notice (a translation of the
Latin text, possibly carved in 18th Century)

 

 
 

Enlargement of Medieval Abbey Seal
from above notice
SIGI~LLVM:ELE:CO-
MITISSE:SARESBERIE

The inscription translates as
Seal of Ela Countess of Salisbury

There was a sequel to Roger of Wendover's speculation concerning Earl William's death. When his tomb was opened by architect James Wyatt in 1791, the well-preserved corpse of a rat, which carried traces of arsenic, was found inside the skull. The rat is on display in the Salisbury & South Wiltshire Museum, located near the cathedral.

[LONG463] Stephen (born c.1216, 2nd son of William), Justiciar of Ireland, married (1243-44) [RIDD362] Emeline de Riddlesford (daughter of Lord Walter of Bray, see RIDDLESFORD). Emeline died 18th May 1276.

[LONG473] Emeline (born 1250, daughter of Stephen) married (1276) [OFFY381] Sir Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald (see OFFALY LORDSHIP).

[LONG464] Ida (daughter of William) married (by 1220) [BXXB431] William de Beauchamp of Bedford (see BEAUCHAMP OF BEDFORD).

[LONG461] Sir William longespee (born c.1200, 1st son & heir of William) married (after April 1216) [CAMV462] Idoine (daughter of Richard, see CAMVILLE). William was a minor when his father died. He sometimes styled himself Earl of Salisbury, though his claim was disallowed. He was Knighted (1233), and served on a Crusade (1240-42). He was on an expedition in France (1242-43), fighting at Saintes. He went on the Seventh Crusade (July 1249), as leader of the English Christians, and fell heroically at Mansoura on the Nile (7th February 1249-50). His body was later removed to Acre, Palestine, where it was buried. William's widow  Idoine died 1251-52.

A supposed effigy of Sir William was placed in Salisbury Cathedral, shown below with wording of original and present plaques:

 

William Longespee (1250)
(24 September 2004)
 

 

original plaque
(24 September 2004)

present plaque
(8 July 2013 by AJZ)

 

[LONG472] Ela (daughter of William) married [AUD1471] James (see AUDLEY (ALDITHLEY) BARONY).

SALISBURY (MONTAGU) EARLDOM

. . . . . . . [SAL2501] Lord William of Montagu m. [MONF502] Elizabeth de Montfort of Beaudesert
. . . . . . . . [SAL2511] Earl William of Salisbury m. [GRAD512] Katherine of Grandison
. . . . . . . . . [SAL2523] Philippe of Salisbury m. [MRCH511] Earl Roger of March
. . . . . . . . . [SAL2521] John de Montagu m. [MONH522] Baroness Margaret of Monthermer
. . . . . . . . . . [SAL2532] Earl John of Salisbury m. [FRAU532] Maud Fraunceys of London
. . . . . . . . . . . [SAL2542] Anne Montagu of Salisbury m2. [FLEW541] Sir Lewis John of West Horndon

[SAL2511] William (born at Cassington, Oxon, 1302, 1st surviving son & heir of [SAL2501] William, see MONTAGU BARONY) married (c.1327) [GRAD512] Katherine (born 1304, see GRANDISON BARONY). He became 3rd Lord Montagu (1319), was later created 6th Earl of Salisbury (1337), and died 30th January 1343-44. Katherine died at Bisham, Berks, (23rd November 1349).

[SAL2523] Philippe (born c.1332, daughter of William) married [MRCH511] Earl Roger (see MARCH (MORTIMER) EARLDOM).

[SAL2521] John (born at London, about 1330, 2nd son but 1st surviving of William) married (about 1343) [MONH522] Margaret, Baroness Monthermer, (born 1329, see MONTHERMER BARONY). John succeeded to Wark Castle and Manor after his father's death (1344). He fought in France (1346-47), first in the retinue of his elder brother (William, 4th Lord and 7th Earl), then of Edward, later Prince of Wales (the "Black Prince", also born 1330). He was at the Battle of Crecy (26th August 1346) and the Siege of Calais (fell 4th August 1347). He also fought at the Battle of Poitiers (19th September 1356). John requested to be buried at St. Paul's London, where he had been baptised, should he die in London. In the event he was buried at Salisbury Cathedral (c. February 1389-90), where the modern plaque with his tomb reads:

SIR JOHN DE MONTACUTE

He fought at Crecy 1346 and Poitiers 1356

and was later Steward to King Richard II.

He died in 1389.

John Montacute (1389)
(24 September 2004)


(8 July 2013 by AJZ)

 

Margaret (widow of Sir John) died March 1394-95.

[SAL2532] John (born c.1351, son & heir) married (before May 1383) [FRAU532] Maud (widow, daughter of Sir Adam Fraunceys of London, see ADAM FRAUNCEYS). John became both 5th Lord Montagu and 8th Earl of Salisbury (1397), succeeding his uncle William, the 7th Earl, who had died without issue. John was beheaded (7th January 1400-01) and his title forfeited. Maud died 1424.

[SAL2542] Anne (daughter of John) married 1. Sir Richard Hankeford (died February 1430-31); then 2. (c. 1431) [FLEW541] Sir Lewis John (see LEWIS JOHN, died 1442); then 3. (after 1442) DUKE JOHN (see EXETER (HOLAND) DUKEDOM).