Revised 17/11/2012



[MERO171] King Clovis I defeated the Visigoths near Poitiers (507), and repelled them to Septimania, an area bordered by the Pyrenees to the west and the Rhone to the east, (but apparently not named after the seven ancient cities of Agde, Beziers, Carcassonne, Elne, Maguelonne, Narbonne and Nimes, see "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire", Vol III, Appendix 19, Edward Gibbon). Later, the Saracens seized several of these cities.



[HEBA221] Ahunai m. ?
. [HEBA231] Zakkai Yehuda m. ?
. . [HEBC241] Duke Theodoric I of Narbonne m. [PEPI232] Aldana of Austrasia
. . [HEBA242] Bertrada II m. [PEPI231] King Pepin III of the Franks
. . [HEBA241] Rabbenu Gershom m. 2.Imma
. . . [HEBA251] March Count Solomon of the Spanish March m. Liutgarde of Auvergne
. . . . [HEBA261] March Count Bernard of the Spanish March m. Ermengarde of Chalons
. . . . . [HEBA271] Duke William I of Aquitaine m2. Ermengarde
. . . . . . [HEBA282] Lady Ermengarde of Aquitaine m. [PRO3291] Count Rotbald I in Provence
. . . . . . [HEBA283] Emillane de Poitou m. [AQUI301] Duke Eubalus III of Aquitaine

49.  [HEBA231] Zakkai Yehuda (known as Eudo/Eudes, son of  50. [BAB4701] Ahunai aka Bera Ha-Nebi aka Hernaut aka Yomtov-Ruzbihan-Yitzak) married 1. (at Babylon, c.710) Sussanah ha-Geveret (daughter of Exilarch Hananiah ben David). Jehuda/Judah went to France (715) and became Ruler of Aquitaine. Eudes defeated the Muslim Governor of Spain at Toulouse (721). Eudes first made an alliance with the Narbonne Wala Othman, but later allied himself with his former opponent, King Charles martel of the Franks. Charles and Eudes defeated the Muslims at the Battle of Tours (732). Eudes became King of Aquitaine, but abdicated (735) to return to Babylon to succeed his father-in-law as 9th Exilarch of the 3rd Dynasty. Charles then laid siege to Narbonne which eventually fell to the Franks (739). The Muslims later retook Narbonne and after a later siege it was retaken by King Pepin of the Franks (759) and Eudes' son (Makhir Todros, known as Aimeri de Narbonne) became the new Jewish ruler of Narbonne and Septimania, whilst his other son (Rabbenu Gershom, known as Girart de Vienne) ruled territory in Germany through his 2nd wife Imma. Eudes died 771.

47.  [HEBA241] Rabbenu [may mean red beard] Gershom (known as Girart de Vienne, son of Zakkai Yehuda) married 1. Deborah (daughter of Rabbi Judah). Rabbi Judah later returned to Babylon (c.730), accompanied by Gershom and Deborah. Gershom and Deborah later moved to Constantinople, where Gershom was a goldsmith, and also physician to Byzantine EMPEROR LEO III. Gershom returned to France. He married 2. (757) Imma (possibly the daughter of his older brother Henoch  ha-Nebi) and then settled in Germany, where he was known as Gerard von Allemagne [Allemania]. He died (799) in battle against the Avars.

42.  [HEBA251] Solomon ([appears to have taken the name Bernard], son of Gershom & Imma) went to France (802), and  married Liutgarde of Auvergne (daughter of Count Bernard). He became Count of Roussillion, then March Count of the Spanish March (probably 835-44).

41.  [HEBA261] Bernard (son of Solomon/Bernard), March Count of the Spanish March, married Ermengarde of Chalons.

42.  [HEBA271] William the pious (son of Solomon/Bernard) March Count of the Spanish March, Count of Toulouse, Limoges, Auvergne, DUKE OF AQUITAINE (898-918). He married 1. Engelburge (daughter of King Boson of Provence, see PROVENCE KINGDOM); then 2. Ermengarde. He died 6th July 918.


[HEBA231] Zakkai Yehuda m. ?
. [HEBC241] Duke Theodoric I of Narbonne m. [PEPI232] Aldana of Austrasia
. . [HEBG253] King William I of Septimania m3. [SPOD232] Guitberge of Hornbach
. . [HEBG252] King William I of Septimania m2. [TOUS261] Orible de Toulouse
. . [HEBG251] King William I of Septimania m1. [PEPI252] Cunegonde de France
. . [HEBM251] Alberic of Narbonne m. [HESB242] Lady Rolande of Hesbaye
. . [HEBC251] Count Thierry IV of Autun m. ?
. . . [HEBC262] Ava of Orleans m. [ALSX231] Count Hugo II of Tours
. . . [HEBC261] King William II of Septimania m. [HEBM263] Guibour aka Orable of Hesbain
. . . . [AQUI271] Count Gerard III of Auvergne m1. [CARO265] Rotrude or Hildegarde de France
. . . . . [HEBC283] Ermengarde of Macon m. [HEBG281] March Count Bernard II of the Spanish March

47.  [HEBC241] Makhir Todros ben Judah Zakkai (known as Theodoric I, and Aimeri of Narbonne, son of [HEBA231] Zakkai Yehuda, see above),  Count of Autun, DUKE OF NARBONNE, married (c.730) [PEPI232] Aldane d'Austrasia (daughter of King Charles martel of France, see PALACE OF AUSTRASIA).

46.  [HEBC251] Nehemiah ha-Makhir (known as Aymer le Chetif, Theuderic/Thierry IV, son of Theodoric), Count of Autun, married ldane/Aldana. He died c.790.

43.  [HEBC261] Isaac Kalonymus (known as William II of Gellone, born 755, son of Thierry IV), succeeded his uncle as Jewish King of Septimania (793-806), 3rd Count of Toulouse (793-806), married [HEBM263] Guibour aka Orable (see below). Later, Count William took part in the campaign that took Barcelona from the Muslims. William founded the monastery at Gellone (804). He retired there as a monk (806), where he eventually died (28th May 812). For his exploits he was known as Saint William.

42.  [HEBC271] Warin/Guerin (known as Aaron of Macon, born 779, son of William II), Count of Macon and Chalons, and March Count of Auvergne, married his cousin  [ALSX243] Ava (daughter of Hugo de Tours, see ALSACE (HOUSE OF REZES) DUKEDOM. He acquired the villa of Cluny (825). Guerin died 853.


[HEBC251] Count Thierry IV of Autun m. [PEPI232] Aldane d'Austrasia
. [HEBG253] King William I of Septimania m3. [SPOD232] Guitberge of Hornbach
. . [MAYN261] Gauzlin m. [BRGS252] Adeltrudis de Bourges
. [HEBG252] King William I of Septimania m2. [TOUS261] Orible de Toulouse
. . [HEBG261] March Count Bernard of Septimania m. [GASC243] Dhuoda Sanchez de Gascony
. . . [HEBG271] March Count Bernard II vitellus of Septimania m. [TOUL283] Udalgarde de Toulouse
. . . . [HEBG282] Countess Regilinde or Emme of Agen m. [ANGO281] Count Wulgrin I of Angouleme
. . . . [HEBG281] March Count Bernard II of the Spanish March m2. [HEBX303] Ermengarde
. . . . . [HEBG293] Ava d'Aquitaine m. [AUVX271] Hector d'Auvergne
. . . . . [HEBG291] Vicomte Ranulfe de Macon m. ?
. . . . . . [HEBG302] Attelane de Macon m. [SALN281] Vicomte Alberic I de Narbonne
. [HEBG251] King William I of Septimania m1. [PEPI252] Cunegonde de France
. . [HEBG262] Herbert de Gellone m. ?
. . . [HEBG272] Kunigunde de Gellone m. [ITAL291] King Bernhard of Italy

44.  [HEBG259] Nathan Kalonymus (known as William I le cornet of Gellone, born 755, son of [HEBC241] Theodoric), Jewish King of Septimania (775-93), deposed [TOUS251] Count Chorson to become 2nd Count of Toulouse (778), married 1. [PEPI252] Cunegonde (sister & heiress of Count William I of Razes [the last Merovingian prince], and daughter of King Carloman, see AUSTRASIA (HOUSE OF PEPIN)); then 2.  [TOUS262] Orible (daughter of 45. [TOUS251] Chorson/Torson, 1st Count of Toulouse, by --- widow of Thibaut de Orange); then 3. [SPOD232] Guitburge (daughter of Count Lambert of Hornbach, see TREVES COUNTY). He was killed in battle at Carcassonne (793).

Hisham I (a Muslim) declared a Holy War against the Christians (793). Half his army attacked Asturias in the north and the other half invaded Languedoc, reaching Narbonne. This latter force was met by William, who defeated them. However, when William faced them again at Villedaigne, he was defeated. But his obstinate resistance had so weakened the Muslim forces that their main force retreated to Spain, leaving a garrison behind in Narbonne, which then remained in Muslim control until 803.

43.  [HEBG261] Nasi Meshullam I Bar Natan (known as Bernard Baso, Bernat de Brabant, born c.795, son of William I & 2nd wife Orible), March Count of Septimania (820-), Count of Barcelona (826-32 & 835-44), Count of Toulouse (835-844), married (at Aix-la-Chapelle, 28th June 824) [GASC243] Dhuoda/Duodene Sanchez (daughter of DUKE SANCHO I LOPEZ, see GASCONY (1)). Dhouda died February 841-42. In 844 Bernard was deposed and condemned to death for treason on the orders of King Charles II the bald. He was finally beheaded at Toulouse (844). Bernard's honours of Agde, Barcelona, Beziers, Gerona, Melgeuil, Narbonne and Nimes were handed by King Charles to [BARC321] Count Sunifred of Urgel (died 848). However the countship of Toulouse was handed over to his son (?) William (848) by Pepin II d'Aquitaine.

42.  [HEBG271] Nasi Ithier Hayyim (known as Bernard I le veau and vitellus [=the calf], son of Bernard), Count of Auvergne, Count of Toulouse and Rouergue, "Master" of Aquitaine, married [TOUL283] Udalgarde (daughter of Count Fredol of Toulouse & Rouergue, see TOULOUSE COUNTY). He was murdered by Bernard (I872).

41.  [HEBG281] Nasi Meshullam II (known as Bernard II plantevelue/plantapilosa, born at Uzes, 22nd March 841, son of Bernard I) was Lay Abbot of Brioude (857-68), Count of Autun (864), March Count of Septimania (by 868), Count of Auvergne (872-86), March Count of Aquitaine (885-86). He married 1. (849) Ledegarde; then 2. [HEBC283] Ermengarde of Macon (daughter of Warin (see above). He was killed in battle (886).


[HEBC241] Duke Theodoric I of Narbonne m. [PEPI232] Aldana of Austrasia
. [HEBM251] Alberic of Narbonne m. [HESB242] Lady Rolande of Hesbaye
. . [HEBM262] Ermengarde de Hesbain m. [CARO251] Emperor Louis I of the West
. . [HEBM263] Guibour aka Orable of Hesbain m. [HEBC261] King William II of Septimania

46.  [HEBM251] Yakar Bar Makhir Todros (known as Guibelin/Gui Alberic of Narbonne, youngest son of [HEBC241] Theodoric, see above) married his cousin [HESB242] Lady Rolande of Hesbaye (daughter of Count Ingram, see HESBAYE).