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SYRACUSE

(SOUTH-EASTERN SICILY)

[SYRC221] --- a potter who moved to Syracuse m.
. [SYRC231] King Agathocles of Sicily m2. Alkia
. . [SYRC242] Lanassa of Syracuse m. King Pyrrhus of Epirus

[SYRC221] --- unnamed potter who had moved to Syracuse.

[SYRC231] Agathocles (born at Thermae Himeraeae [modern name Termini Imerese], Sicily, c.361BCE, son of a potter), moved to Syracuse (c.343BCE) where he learned his father's trade, but afterwards entered the army. He was twice banished from Syracuse for attempting to overthrow the ruling oligarchial party. He return in 317BCE with an army of mercenaries to set up a democratic system. After murdering or banishing some 10,000 citizens he set himself up as master of Syracuse. With the aide of his powerful army he subdued most of Sicily. In the ensuing war with Carthage, Agathocles was besieged and defeated at the Battle of Himera (311BCE). After concluding peace with Cartage (306BCE), he was in control of Sicily east of the River Halycus River, and styled himself King of Sicily (304BCE). He then ruled over the Greek cities in Sicily stronger than before. He died 289BCE.

Agathocles married 1. (333BCE) --- (widow of his patron, Darnas, a distinguished and wealthy citizen); then 2 Alkia/Alcia of Syracuse; then 3. (c.300BCE) Theoxena (stepdaughter of King Ptolemy I of Egypt) by whom he probably had two children, Archagathus and Theoxena. It is possible that Alkia was the widow of Darnas, in which case there is a missing second wife, because Theoxena is said to have been his third wife.

[SYRC242] Lanassa (daughter of Agathocles & Alkia) married  [EPIR249] King Pyrrhus of Epirus (see EPIRUS KINGS).